The movement or mobility related ailments in kids are clinically diverse in nature. These types of disorders can result from a variety of injuries in the brain like infection, trauma, metabolic disturbances, inflammation, unintentional side effects of medications or toxins.
The brain structures that are thought to be affected include the motor portions of the cortex, the cerebellum and brainstorm. All these act together in a network. Therefore, if just one of them gets damaged, the movement disorder can occur.
The treatment procedure of correcting the movement disorder is often focussed on the detecting the underlying issues and correcting it. On the basis of a number of factors like the cause of the movement disorder, its type, how soon the treatment started and how well the kid is treated, it can be determined how well the child will do.
For example, a kid experiencing primary dystonia can lead a life normally if she is treated without being too late. Again, if left untreated for many years, this ailment can lead to permanent disability.
There can be no specific treatment, if the movement disorder is hereditary of genetic. In most of the cases though, there are a number of interventions that can relieve the symptoms of the child.
Types of Movement Disorders in Kids
Here are some of the major types of movement disorder in kids. Just take a look.
- Tremor – It is a repetitive, involuntary shaking movement of the body.
- Dystonia – This one includes symptoms like sustained and abnormal muscle contraction that involves unusual twisting and repetitive body and limb movements as well as abnormal postures.
- Chorea – This is a symptom of neurologic injury and is not an ailment. Kids who are inflicted with chorea have irregular movements which sometimes look like dance move. Kids can stumble if this ailment affects their legs, but they rarely fall. The specific types include –
- Juvenile Huntington Disease – This is a degenerative disorder that includes the involuntary muscle movements
- Rheumatic encephalitis or Sydenham Chorea – This is an autoimmune, short-lived form of chorea that can occur after group A strep infection.
- Ataxia – This one is a progressive or static disorder that includes impaired coordination, unsteady posture, frequent poor balance and falling off.
- Tourette syndrome and Tics – This is an involuntary, repetitive and rapid stereotyped movement that includes he vocal tics or sounds.
- Myoclonus – This happens to be a movement disorder that involves the involuntary and quick muscle jerks that the kid cannot resist.
- Restless Legs Syndrome – This is a strong urge to move the legs and this often happens during the onset of sleep.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Complex Movement Disorders
The complicated movement disorders can be quite challenging to diagnose and treat. That is why the complex disorder movements have to be treated by specialists from rehabilitation medicine, neurology, rehab therapies and orthopaedics.
The complex movements disorders can be caused by the health condition that is underlying. In most cases, the specialists can diagnose the problem by visually assessing a kid’s movement.
The child may have to undergo the common diagnosis tests like the following for identifying the problem of movement disorders.
- DNA or Genetic Tests
- Blood and Urine Analysis
- Rehab Theories Evaluation
- Gait and Motion Analysis
- Neuropsychological evaluations for addressing problems with memory, attention, learning and problem solving
- Radiology and Imaging Tests
- Nutrition and Feeding Evaluations which include the swallowing studies
- A development assessment can also be conducted by a pediatric rehab medicine specialist, a neurologist and a neurosurgeon
Some of the most common treatment procedures associated with the complicated movement disorders include the following –
- Injected meds include the Phenol and Botulinum Toxin
- Oral Medication
- Physical Therapy
- Implanted Baclofen Pump
- Speed and Language Therapy
- Occupational Therapy
- Deep Brain Stimulation
- Selective Dorsal Rhizotomy (SDR) Surgery
So if you notice your kid to be undergoing any kind of movement disorders or problems, you should immediately consult with a doctor and get your kid examined. These movement disorders can also lead to sleeping problems and your kid may also start snoring as she is unable to sleep well and require the best snoring aids in the long run in order to sleep well at night so that she can lead a healthy life.
Ignoring this problem can lead to grave consequences and it is better to treat it early so that your little tyke can sleep well a night and lead a healthy life.
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